4 Reasons Why a Living Trust is Preferred over a Will
Many clients and attorneys now prefer an estate plan that uses a revocable living trust over a will as the primary estate planning document. Here are four reasons why:
1. A properly prepared and funded revocable living trust plan avoids probate at death, including multiple probates if you own property in other states. A will must go through probate to be verified and enforced, and if you own property in more than one state, your family could face multiple probates, each one according to the laws in that state. Avoiding the cost of probate is often a factor when choosing a living trust, but many people are just as interested in avoiding the court process altogether, along with its delays, lack of privacy, loss of control and emotional stress.
2. A properly prepared and funded living trust avoids court interference at incapacity. Most people prefer to have their care and assets managed privately by people they know and trust, instead of being placed in a court guardianship, which is costly, time consuming, public and stressful. It’s important to note that a will is of no help at incapacity because a will can only go into effect when you die.
3. A living trust brings all of your assets together under one plan with one set of instructions. (Possible exceptions are IRAs and other tax-deferred plans.) This makes it much easier to provide fair inheritances to your beneficiaries, as opposed to trying to balance inheritances with beneficiary designations and joint ownership because of fluctuating values of investment accounts, life insurance policies and other assets. By contrast, a will only controls assets that are titled solely in your name; it does not control most jointly owned assets or those for which you have named a valid beneficiary.
4. A properly prepared and funded living trust is more private than a will and is not as easily contested. Because probate is a public process, disgruntled heirs and other interested parties are invited to submit claims and contest your will, and unwanted solicitors can have access to your family’s personal and financial information. While a living trust cannot guarantee complete privacy, it is much more private than a will, which is guaranteed to be made public through probate.
What, then, is a properly prepared and funded living trust? “Properly prepared” means the documents are written correctly according to the law and your desires. This is best accomplished by having an experienced estate planning attorney prepare your trust. “Properly funded” means you all assets are properly titled in the name of your revocable living trust and proper beneficiary designation forms are completed naming your revocable living trust as beneficiary. Your revocable living trust only controls the assets that have been transferred to it. If you forget to put an asset into your trust, it will be added to your trust after you die through probate before it can be distributed along with your other assets according to your desires as set forth in your revocable living trust.